Edward Said claims that the Palestinian case is more complicated than any other in the history of independence struggles, because Palestinians live under several jurisdictions. The situation is in fact quite common. Both Kurds and Armenians live in several countries and want their own, as did Jews before the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, an Israeli situation at least as complicated as the Palestinian imbroglio.
Edward Said says Palestinians have endured extraordinary agonies and dispossession, but worse cases abound. The Shiites in Saddamís Iraq were far more restricted than Palestinians in the Israeli territories. Shiites are also oppressed in Saudi Arabia. Many African tribes are more persecuted than Palestinians. Many Chinese, Egyptians, Iraqis, Omanis are poorer than Palestinians. Compared to their fathers, todayís Palestinians are doing very well on welfare programs.
Time has shown Edward Saidís reasoning on the importance of Israelís giving up the territories is wrong. Edward Said argued that Israel needed to give Syria the Golan Heights and other territory to Lebanon and Palestine to win peace. Since then, Israel foolishly returned the Golan but has no peace with Syria, nor did withdrawal from Lebanon bring Israeli-Arab peace. Note that Israel neither policed nor assaulted the Palestinian territories, so the only reason for not signing a peace treaty is Muslim hostility for Israelis. Muslim countries nowhere near Israel, like Bangladesh, lacking any disputes with Israel, are still hostile to Israel.