Scientific refutation of biblical accounts often stems from misreading; sages insisted that historic events are given in Torah only for the sake of interpretation. Parting of the Reed Sea, for example, is a simple and credible account of crossing the marshes: foot Hebrews could do it, but the Egyptian chariots stuck in the mud.

Some commandments do not square with idealistic morality. Torah is firstly practical. When Abraham claimed that Sarah is his sister rather than wife, he chose the only practical option. His action, immoral by modern standards, saved his life and did not worsen the life of his wife compared to rape scenario.

The Bible regulates evil rather than impractically bans it. Extreme regulation of marriage practically excludes polygamy. Prophet Samuel condemned monarchy in the strongest terms before it was established, but then the Bible proceeds to thoroughly regulate it. Torah mandates uniquely mild terms of slavery. Today, civilized people, we could opt for more strict moral interpretation, and altogether ban polygamy, monarchy, and slavery. We should not, however, loosen the moral prohibitions such as on sexual deviations.

Torah was given to wild people and is necessarily harsh. While the predominant threat is caret, banishment from offended community, Torah frequently prescribes death sentence for moral and ritual offenses. That attitude is reasonable: deviants threaten moral integrity of society no less than murderers threaten its physical existence. Severity of capital punishment is mitigated by practical difficulty of sentencing the offenders. Sexual deviations merit death, but who would copulate with animals in the presence of two witnesses? Torah effectively demands that sexual deviations be limited to private life. So long as the deviants do not flaunt their habits, society refrains from punishing them. Copulation with same-sex partners or beasts is practically not punishable if it is strictly private; deviants have to assure that no one witnesses them. Torah does not impose punishment for public manifestations of homosexuality such as affectionate looks and gestures – only the copulation is criminal and punishable if witnessed by others. Even in a religious Jewish state, homosexuals would be physically safe.

Societies restrict non-violent sexual manifestations such as sex in public, sale of pornographic magazines, and striptease clubs; magazines are covered, and clubs are zoned. Judea would perform very similarly: homosexuality should be formally hidden in public, and preferably zoned to Israel and similarly secular places outside of religious Judea.