Calling Orthodox rabbis religious fundamentalists is a misnomer. They are innovators. The religion of the Torah is first of all practical. The authors of the priestly source went out of their way to simplify observances and to part with complex pagan superstitions and rites. The law was so simple that the Hebrews lived according to it in the Sinai steppes.
Can you observe the rabbinical law in primitive conditions? Surely, not. Observances became minute and intricate, and rabbinical rites verged on idolatry. What is the difference between kissing statues in churches and blowing kisses to mezuzot? Would you expect nomadic Hebrews to keep a separate set of Pesach utensils? They didn’t pray as we do.
Jews who observe the rabbinical law shut themselves in virtual monastery, though Judaism was emphatically given for life in the material world. They bound themselves with myriad rules often far removed from the Torah. The logical exercises the sages used to arrive at Talmudic rules are often at odds with the common sense.
The Oral Law was given on Sinai alongside the tablets… Sadducees did not know that, nor did the Qumranites. Given the differences between the schools of Hillel and Shammai, the mishnaic law emerged in their time. The rabbis seem fundamentalist now, but in historical perspective they are innovators – very liberal innovators, to put it mildly. The concept of Massorah accepts that rabbinic law greatly and dubiously expands the commandments, but rationalizes the expansion as a wall against inadvertent violations. One can hardly see a house over such wall. The house is great, but the wall is too far from it.
Rabbinism undermines Jewish identity. Many people see the rabbinical law as too cumbersome, take it for real Judaism, and abandon both. They could observe basic prohibitions set in the Torah, and remain good Jews.The law was intended as knowable by all people. Talmud made the law an exclusive pond of scholars. All Jews were made the nation of priests, not a few rabbis.
Don’t run into abominations of reconstructing or reforming Judaism. The teaching of Torah is simple, powerful, and eternal. But it should not be equated with rabbinism. Jews must return to the true fundamentals of our religion.