Why presume that God is immutable, not susceptible to external influences? The Torah provides all the evidence to the contrary: he exhibits rage, hatred, sometimes forgiveness. Commentators loathe interpreting those statements literally, though they insist on literalism and hair-splitting in other cases.

A king can become enraged at the lowliest slave. This example is said to be inapplicable to God, who is infinitely above humans, wherefore any human influence on him is negligible. In mathematical terms, the human effect on God is infinitely small. But we know from mathematics that infinitely small quantities still have the power to affect.

Moreover, God is omniscient, and things that are negligibly small are not too small for him. Resorting again to mathematics, the product of infinitely large knowledge and infinitely small importance can be anything. Logically, there is no reason to rule out God’s mutability.

Our best approximation for God’s qualitative difference from humans is dimensional: we can safely assume that he exists beyond our four-dimensional world. But a cube’s plane side is critically important to it; there is therefore no reason to assume that humans are unimportant to God—especially, again, when the Torah offers us abundant evidence to the contrary. And the importance of something to someone can only be defined through his reaction to that thing.

There is no reason to presume that God is infinite. The Torah is clear: his spirit hovered above the primordial waters; thus he is not all-pervasive or bigger than everything. The Universe and time-space, too, are limited.

There is strong textual evidence that God is not omnipotent, but only acts through the laws of nature. All his miracles have natural explanations. I think God performs miracles by influencing probabilities: he can make a coin land on its rim but not hang in the air. He commanded the Jews to blot out the memory of Amalek for a personal affront to God, though he was in the better position to do that on the spot.

God is much closer to us than we want to admit. Clergy want God to be immutable so that he does not care about their atheism, abrogation of his commandments, and usurpation of power.